GUAMAP - Guatemala Acupuncture and Medical Aid Project
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Historic Antecedents

Acupuncture is not new to Guatemala. A comparative study contrasting Traditional Mayan Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine, Medicina Maya Tradicional (PRODUSSEP et al, Mexico City:1996) was written by two Mexican Physicians Hernan Garcia and Antonio Sierra and a sociologist, Gilberto Balam, who carried out extensive health education programs in the Southern states of Yucatan and Campeche in Mexico in 1989 that incorporated acupuncture (TCM). They uncovered a Mayan practice of acupuncture tied to the ancient Yucatec Maya, which maintains some 50 points and varies techniques called Jup and Tok.

A Guatemalan acupuncturist trained in Taipei and Bejing graduating in 1973, Carlos Rafael Munoz, returned to Guatemala and faced severe personal and professional restrictions in bringing acupuncture into public practice until 1976 when he co-founded with others a legal association for acupuncture. A second acupuncturist, Raul Gonzalez, established a separate association incorporating acupuncture, chiropractic, and naturopathy courses for certification under the association's auspices.

A medical doctor, Eduardo Cáceres, wrote Texto Practico de Acupuntura Moderna as an elaborate diagnostic and treatment source book on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) (Centro Mesoamericano de Estudios Sobre Tecnología Apropriada (CEMAT), Guatemala, 1986).

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